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The new Czechoslovakia becomes one of the most progressive countries in Europe, Le Corbusier admires the imposing architecture of Prague’s Trade Fair Palace, female nudity makes its first scandalous appearance on the silver screen in Ecstasy, and the first massproduced aerodynamic car, made by Tatra, powers along modern roads.

1920 Karel Teige forms the Devětsil art group, and the Czech avant-garde is born.

1922 The furniture making works Spojené UP závody are founded.

1925 Franz Kafka’s novel The Trial is published. Prague hosts its first fashion shows.

1926 Leoš Janáček finishes his Sinfonietta. Czechoslovak Radio introduces live sports coverage.

1927 The Czechoslovak Air Company is founded, linking Prague with other European capitals. The cooperative Krásná jizba Družstevní práce is formed, with Ladislav Sutnar as its art director and Josef Sudek as its advertising photographer. Voskovec and Werich’s play Vest Pocket Revue has its premiere.

1928 Oldřich Tyl and Josef Fuchs complete their Trade Fair Palace. Racing driver Eliška Junková wins the Targa Florio race.

1929 Karel Teige presents his concept for the Smallest Apartment.

1930 Adolf Loos designs Villa Müller in Prague, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe builds Villa Tugendhat in Brno, while Max Urban works on his Barrandov Terraces.

1931 Cars are required by law to be fitted with rear-view mirrors. Tomáš Baťa builds his footwear empire in Zlín, and expands his business abroad. Gustav Machatý films Ecstasy.

1932 The Baba Colony is built as a showcase of model Functionalist villas for a new way of living.

1934 Josip Plečnik completes his modifications at Prague Castle.

1936 Ondřej Sekora gives life to the cartoon figure Ferda the Ant.

1937 Jaromír Krejcar designs the Czechoslovak pavilion for the Expo in Paris.

1938 German forces occupy the border region. The Swift Arrows comics are published.

1939 The White Swan department store opens. The Germans occupy Czechoslovakia and close the universities. Martin Frič films Kristian.